CCNA certification is the first step towards Cisco certification. It is an associate level exam. Because of the advancement in technology, the syllabus was updated on February 24, 2020. The updated syllabus includes a deep understanding of fundamental networking concepts.
The following syallabus is part of the new CCNA:
Network Access 20%
Explain the function and role of network components
Describe the characteristics of network topology architectures
Compare the types of physical interface and cabling
Identify interface and cable problems (collisions and errors, mismatch duplex and/or speed).
Compare TCP and UDP
Configure and verify IPv4 subnetting and addressing
Describe why private IPv4 addressing is necessary
Configure and verify IPv6 prefix and addressing
Compare IPv6 addresses
Verify IP parameters of Client OS (Windows OS, Mac OS, Linux).
Discuss wireless principles
Virtualization basics (virtual machines).
Describe switching concepts
Network Access 20%
Configure and verify VLANs (normal Range) that span multiple switches
Verify interswitch connectivity by setting up and verifying
Verify Layer 2 discovery protocols (Cisco Discovery Protocol, LLDP)
Configure and verify (Layer 2 & Layer 3), EtherChannel, (LACP).
Describe the basic operations of Rapid PVST+ Spanning Tree Protocol.
Compare Cisco Wireless Architectures and the AP modes
Describe the physical infrastructure connections between WLAN components (AP/WLC, access/trunk port ports and LAG).
Describe AP management access connections (Telnet and SSH HTTP,HTTPS console and TACACS+/RADIUS).
Use GUI to configure the components of a wireless access network for client connectivity. This includes WLAN creation, security settings and QoS profiles. Advanced WLAN settings can also be configured using GUI.
Connectivity to IP 25%
Interpret the components of the routing table
Find out how a router makes forwarding decisions by default
Configure and verify IPv4 static routing
Configure and verify a single area of OSPFv2
Describe the purpose and benefits of the first hop redundancy protocol
IP Services 10%
Configure and verify the source NAT using static or pools
Configure and verify NTP in client and server modes
Explain the role of DNS and DHCP within the network
Explain the role of SNMP for network operations
Describe the use and capabilities of Syslog, including facilities and levels.
Configure and verify DHCP client.
Explain forwarding per hop behavior (PHB), for QoS such classification, marking, queuing congestion, policing and shaping
Configure network devices to allow remote access via SSH
Describe the capabilities of TFTP/FTP within the network
Security Fundamentals 15%
Define key security concepts (threats and vulnerabilities, exploits, mitigation techniques)
Describe the components of security programs (user awareness, training, physical access control, and user awareness).
Configure device access control using local passwords
Describe the elements of security password policies, such as management, complexity and password alternatives (multifactor authentication certificates, biometrics, and certificates).
Remote access and site to-site VPNs: How do you describe them?
Verify and configure access control lists
Configure Layer 2 security features such as dynamic ARP inspection, DHCP snooping and port security
Differentiate authentication, authorization and accounting concepts
Describe wireless security protocols (WPA3, WPA2, WPA3, and WPA3)
Configure WLAN with WPA2 PSK by using the GUI
Automating and Programmability 10%
Explain how automation impacts network management
Compare traditional networks with controller-based network
Describe controller-based or software defined architectures (overlay/underlay and fabric).
Separation between control plane and data plan
APIs for north-bound and southbound
Compare traditional campus device management with Cisco’s DNA Center enabled device management
Describe the characteristics of REST-based APIs. (CRUD, HTTP ve